Merengue as a music and dance form is most strongly identified with the Dominican Republic. Its spread has been aided in part by the large numbers of Dominicans immigrating to the United States, bringing the Merengue with them. The Merengue, like Salsa, is now recognized as a transnational phenomenon, spanning an increasing number of countries in an ever-shrinking globe.
Cumbia originally a Colombian folk dance and dance music and is Colombia's representative national dance and music. Cumbia is very popular, widely known in the Latin music mainstream throughout South America, Central America and Mexico. Traditional instruments of Cumbia are mainly percussion; different types of drums, claves güiro, woodwinds and flutes.
Bachata, the most popular and widespread genre of romantic guitar music in this century. Pan-Latin American tradition of guitar music, typically played by trios or quartets comprised of one or two guitars with percussion provided by maracas and/or other instruments such as claves (hardwood sticks used for percussion), bongo drums, or a gourd güiro scraper.